Symptoms of Fitsula

Symptoms of fistula depends on the type, the patient is suffering from. There are different types of fistula depending on the location of occurrence and origin. Symptoms depend on the nature of fistula experienced by the patient.

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There are different types of fistula. They are broadly classified into various types depending on the location.

  • Enterocutaneous: fistula is developed from intestines to the outer layers of skin. The accumulated fluid is drained from the intestines through fistula. Symptoms include chronic diarrhea, pain in abdomen, draining off the intestinal contents through fistula on to skin surface. Fever, chills, rigors and atrial fibrillation are observed in patients with ECF (Entero Cutaneous Fistula).
  • Enterocolic: this forms a passage between small intestines to large intestine.
  • Enterovaginal: the tunnel between intestines into vagina is called entervaginal fistula.
  • Enterovesicular: formation of fistula from intestines to bladder is called enterovesicular fistula. It is due to recurrent urinary tract infections or sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Enterocolic, Enterovaginal, Enterovesicular fistulas share common symptoms that are pain associated with site of origin, abdominal tenderness, pus/fluid formation, increased chances of developing infections, fever with raised esinophil count and itching.
  • Arteiovenous : the link between an artery to veins that may be by birth (congenital) or due to pathophysiological change in the body after surgery, trauma, etc. For prolonged treatment of Chronic kidney disease, dialysis is the only option available. An arteriovenous fistula is created by surgery to ease the process of dialysis on a regular basis. 
  • It is usually created on legs that causes the skin to become reddish to purple, swollen and protruding veins that will be visible through the skin.
  • Anal fistula: anus is the muscular opening of the GIT that excretes out the biological wastes from the body. Fistula is formed from GIT to the anal or peri-anal region. It has symptoms like pain around anus, swelling, mucosal discharge, pus or fluid discharge and foul smell.
  • Obstetric fistula: the passage between rectum and vagina formed due to damage or injury during child birth. It expels out foul smelling fluid associated with pain. Other symptoms include social distancing, urinary and stool incontinence. Patients suffering with obstetric fistula find it difficult to conceive to get pregnant.

You should immediately seek medical help, once you notice a change in your regular habits of stool and faces for a prolonged time.

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