Symptoms of Fissures

An anal fissure is a longitudinal tear or a sore that occurs in the skin membrane of the anal canal which is situated near the anus. It is caused by the rigorous stretching of the anal muscles during defecation. The diagnosis is confirmed by an anoscopy or by physical examination. This can be characterised as acute or chronic. Having an anal fissure can be a dreadfully painful experience as it causes intense pain and bleeding with the bowel movements.

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How can you diagnose an anal fissure?

  • If you experience severe burning pain during a bowel movement, with the pain lasting hours afterword, it could be an anal fissure.
  • This pain could lead to prolonged constipation and harder stools.
  • Right after a bowel movement bright red blood can be found on the stool or toilet paper. Mostly the blood will be separate from the stool.
  • Intense bleeding.
  • Sometimes mucous anal discharge is common in fissures.
  • A noticeable crack around the anus or anal canal that results in stinging.
  • Stinging pain while peeing (dysuria)
  • Itching in the anal region can also be an evident symptom.
  • Many fissures heal within weeks whereas some go on to become chronic in nature.
  • Constipation is a major symptom of anal fissure.

Anal fissure is commonly seen in women after childbirth as the process of pushing the baby from the uterus causes anal trauma. By taking adequate measures we can certainly prevent fissures. That is by taking a fibre rich diet consisting of ample fruits and vegetables, oats, whole grains etc, recharging your body with plenty of water and fluids, using the toilet whenever you feel the urge and by engaging in any form of physical activity at least once in three days .Any kind of physical activity activates the bowel muscles causing more blood flow in the area. Yoga is extremely therapeutic for this. As toilet paper can be a little hard, doctors advice the use of baby wipes or medicated pads as they are soft and highly comfortable.

Anal fissures are more common in infants and in women after childbirth. In 99% of the cases, fissures get better with simple treatments and self care. Whereas some people might need medication or surgery for complete healing.

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